The Babcock & Wilcox Co. has won a $40 million contract to perform maintenance work on a Canadian nuclear reactor.
Babcock & Wilcox Canada will perform the work at Bruce Power’s Unit 3 reactor during a scheduled shutdown in November. Bruce Power’s plant, in Ontario, is the largest nuclear facility in North America. It has a capacity of 7,276 megawatts.
Bruce Nuclear Generating Station is a Canadian nuclear power station located on the eastern shore of Lake Huron, in the communities of Inverhuron and Tiverton, Ontario. It occupies 932 ha (2300 acres) of land. The facility derives its name from Bruce County in which it is located, in the former Bruce Township. It is the second largest nuclear generating station in the world by net electrical power rating.
BRUCE A 3
construction start July 1, 1972
in service 1978
out of service April 1998
returned to service March 2004
limited to 92.5% of power
At one point in time three Greenpeace activists canoed into the site to demonstrate the lack of security.
On Sept. 23, 2001, a man whose boat capsized on Lake Huron near the Bruce complex squeezed through a gate, entered an office building and phoned for help — all undetected.
The pre-9/11 mandate of the security team was to delay attackers for 17 minutes, until local police could respond. Reliance was on passive measures such as fencing and locks.
The "transformed" post 9/11 security team is described as being larger than the police force of the city of Kingston, i.e. equivalent to the force of a city of 100,000. Force members are permitted to carry firearms, and have powers of arrest. The force possesses armoured vehicles, water craft, and the plant is now triple-fenced. In May 2008, the Bruce Nuclear Response Team (NRT) won the U.S. National SWAT Championship (USNSC), defeating 29 other teams from 4 countries, the first time a Canadian team won an international SWAT event. They won again in 2009 and 2010.
In 2010, about 40 contract workers were fired for inappropriate internet usage, raising questions about the security of the plant.
Post 9/11, tours of the plant area were discontinued, although there is a visitor center outside of the site.
According to the Bruce County emergency plan, "The Municipality of Kincardine will coordinate the emergency response concerns of a nuclear emergency situation resulting from an accident at the Bruce Power Site in the Municipality of Kincardine.". Kincardine is required to maintain a warning system within 3 km of the plant, and has a network of 10 warning stations equipped with sirens and strobes.
A variety of radiation monitoring measures are in place. Milk samples from local farms are sampled weekly. Drinking water at treatment plants in Kincardine and Southhampton is sampled twice daily, and tested weekly. Ground water is sampled from several surface water, shallow and deep well locations. Aquatic sediment and fish are analysed, as well as livestock feed, honey, eggs, fruits and vegetables.