YALE/TULANE ESF-8 PLANNING AND RESPONSE PROGRAM SPECIAL REPORT

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On 11 Mar 2011 05:46 UTC, an 8.9 magnitude earthquake struck  400km (250 miles) north-east of Tokyo off the coast of Japan,  triggering a tsunami.   Because the earthquake’s hypocenter, or rupture point, was 24.4 kilometers (15.2 miles) deep, it is considered a shallow earthquake, the most dangerous type of quake.

The level of destruction is still not clear and is likely to be some days before a clearer picture emerges as to the extent of damage. The most affected areas are near the coastal city of Sendai in Miyagi Prefecture which has a population of one million and is 300 km northeast of Tokyo.

The Government of Japan (GOJ) says more than 1,231buildings have been destroyed and another 4,000 damaged. Approximately 1,450 roads, eight railways and 22 bridges are damaged or washed away. An irrigation dam has reportedly burst sweeping away houses in Fukushima.

The Government is currently putting the number of casualties at 464 with 771 people missing but the extent of the destruction along the lengthy stretch of coastline suggests the death toll is more likely in the 1000’s, most of these are attributed to the Tsunami.  A massive tsunami, as much as 10 meters deep, swept up to six miles inland  devastating large swaths of Japanese coastal areas.

  • The quake was the fifth-largest in the world since 1900 and nearly 8,000 times stronger than the one which devastated Christchurch, New Zealand, last month.
  • Fires have broken throughout the region and continue to burn
  • 145 of the 70 hospitals designated for acute emergencies are fully operational in Tokyo and Tohoku; 2 0f 7 hospitals in Sendai are not operational.

Key Links

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

Government of Japan website:

http://www.kantei.go.jp

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

RELIEFWEB

UNICEF

International Nuclear Safety Center

Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System

WHO

US GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

The Department of State

U.S Embassy in Japan

State Dept.’s DipNote on Twitter

State Dept. Background Note

U.S. Agency for International Development

OFDA

Library of Congress Country Study – Japan

CIA World Fact Book

The Department of Defense

The Department of Homeland Security

The Department of Health and Human Services

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC- Tsunami

CDC-Earthquake

CDC-Radiation Emergencies

FEMA Blog

US Geological Survey

NOAA Center for Tsunami Research

NOAA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

PORTALS

All Partners Access  Network (APAN)

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