April 29th, 2011 – NISA asks NRC about TMI reports to IAEA – When, How, How long

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From: Reynolds, Steven
To: RST01 Hoc; LIA08 Hoc; LIA07 Hoc
Cc: Casto, Chuck; Mitchell, Matthew; Young, Francis; Skeen, David; Tracy, Glenn; Correia, Richard
Sent: Fri Apr 29 22:05:12 2011
Subject: Question from NISA on reporting to the IAEA

We received the following question from NISA.

After the TMI accident, what was reported to the IAEA about the accident, who reported it (e.g., NRC, TMI operator, other US government agency), when was it reported (how long after the accident), and how was it reported?

Can you have someone get back to us with the answer?


From: Correia, Richard
Sent: Saturday, April 30, 2011 7:35 AM
To: Marksberry, Don; Demoss, Gary; Coe, Doug
Cc: Skeen, David
Subject: Fw: Question from NISA on reporting to the IAEA

Don. Can you assist with the Nisa questions below? Don’t start answering them but just let me know if you feel you have the information to answer it or you know who would have the information. We’ll decide would will answer after that.

Many thanks. Rich

Richard Correia, Director
Division of Risk Analysis
RES

Sent from a Blackberry


From: Marksberry, Don
To: Correia, Richard
Cc: Coe, Doug; Demoss, Gary; Skeen, David; Lee, Richard; Jackson, Karen; Hogan, Rosemary
Sent: Sat Apr 30 10:01:02 2011
Subject: RE: Question from NISA on reporting to the IAEA

Rich

I don’t remember that IAEA was into incident notification and response until post Chernobyl. After TMI-2, an IAEA expert group was formed and establishes international guidelines on emergency planning and response. After Chernobyl, the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of
Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency were established.

Neither the Kemeny Commission nor the Rogovin reports mention “IAEA” or “international,” except for the routine (annual) exchange of operating experience information via IAEA and the international media response to the accident.

(Kemeny Commission – Report Of The Public’s Right To Information Task Force quoted: “Instead of a regional story, TMI quickly became a national and international story which attracted a worldwide press corps numbering at any one time from 300 to 500 journalists, including reporters from Japan, France, Sweden, West Germany, Italy, Spain, and Great Britain.”)

In addition, none of the NRC investigations and actions NUREGs (e.g., 0578, 0585, 0600, 0616, 0660, 0737) mentioned IAEA or international.

Ops Center transcripts for the first 6 days of Executive Management Team meetings (Commission meetings were recorded in the Ops Center and H-Street) did not mentioned IAEA or international Daily Preliminary Notifications (PNs) were issued (see attached), but I’m not sure about the distribution (I’ve never seen any NRC press releases). I believe that International programs was partof state programs at the time.

The two people who may remember what happened in the Op Center during TMI-2 are Karen Jackson (NSIR) and Tom McKenna (retired NRC, IAEA response manager— Tom was mentioned in a recent e-mail from IAEA working on a RASCAL run). Rosemary Hogan was the liaison team coordinator for awhile following Chernobyl. Bob Senseney (retired a few months ago from the DOS) was the OIP guy during TMI and Chernobyl.

Don

(I also found one of the early public statements of core melt at TMI-2—seven year later).


From: Correia, Richard
Sent: Saturday, April 30, 2011 3:16 PM
To: Marksberry, Don; Skeen, David; Tracy, Glenn
Cc: Coe, Doug; Demoss, Gary; Lee, Richard; Jackson, Karen; Hogan, Rosemary
Subject: Re: Question from NISA on reporting to the IAEA

Thanks Don. This information is very useful.

Dave. Glenn.
I would propose to have UIP reach out to IAEA and ask them what historical information that have relative to TMI. It may be faster than searching around NRC for someone that might have different information than what Don has found thus far.

I would also recommend we send Steve Reynolds what Don has provided here only as “this is what we know to date but we are continuing to search for more information”. Steve can advise NISA as he feels is prudent but I would be careful not to give NISA Don’s notes as written.

Thoughts?

Rich

Richard Correia, Director
Division of Risk Analysis
RES
Sent from a Blackberry


From: Skeen, David
Sent: Saturday, April 30, 2011 3:29 PM
To: Correia, Richard; Marksberry, Don; Tracy, Glenn
Cc: Coe, Doug; Demoss, Gary; Lee, Richard; Jackson, Karen; Hogan, Rosemary
Subject: RE: Question from NISA on reporting to the IAEA

I agree we shouldn’t just pass along Don’s notes as written below.

I will assign a tasker to the LT to provide a final response by Wednesday evening.

On Monday, the LT could work with Don and glean the essential information from Don’s notes to pass along to Steve Reynolds whatever we know as interim information. They can also reach out to IAEA via OaP.


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