Radiation spread over Japan and was detected over 100 miles from reactors within days of Fukushima nuclear disaster

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION
JAPAN’S FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI ET AUDIO FILE
WEDNESDAY – MARCH 16, 2011

 

 

MALE PARTICIPANT: What I wanted to tell you, another piece of information we got from the (inaudible) call, is they did get the plane up over the air base, and they have detectable iodine and cesium in the ground, but we were unable to get any quantitative values for those.

MALE PARTICIPANT: Okay.

MALE PARTICIPANT: The air base is (inaudible, possibly “150 miles west”) (inaudible).

MALE PARTICIPANT: I’m not sure. It’s 75 or 100, but it’s directly west of (inaudible “you”). Because it’s about the same radius from the plant.

And if you need any more specifics on that, what we’ve got –

MALE PARTICIPANT: Okay. We’ll start 9 running this.

 

Ronald Reagan helicopter crews found contaminated 10,000 uCi/cm3 – Airborne plume levels at 100 nautical miles far above expected – 10 hours would put citizen in PAG

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

JAPAN’S FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI ET AUDIO FILE

Sunday, March 13, 2011

 

 

ADMIRAL DONALD: Earlier this evening, as the USS Ronald Reagan was operating off the coast of Japan, we — the ship just arrived. We had given the ship some guidance as far as positioning was concerned to stay clear of the area of the potential plume, basically told her to stay 50 miles outside of the radius of the — 100 miles — excuse me — 50 miles radius outside of the plant — damaged plant — potentially damaged plant, and then 100 miles along the plume with a vector of 45 degrees.

The ship was adhering to that requirement and detected some activity about two and a half times above normal airborne activity using on-board sensors on the aircraft carriers.

So that indicated that they had found the plume and it was probably more significant than what we had originally thought.

The second thing — the second thing that has happened is we have had some helicopters conducting operations from the aircraft carrier and one of the helicopters came back from having stopped on board the Japanese command ship in the area, and people who had been on — were on the helicopter who had walked on the deck of the ship, were monitored and had elevated counts on their feet, 2500 counts per minute.

MR. PONEMAN: Yes, 5,000 d m.

[REDACTED]

But I wanted to get you guys on the line and my expert on the line so we can get the data and then the proper people notified.

 

MR. PONEMAN: Okay, I have a couple of questions. Number one, in terms of the level of radiation that you are picking up, what’s the delta between that and any information we have from the Japanese or other sources of what the level of radiation would be, given the venting and so forth that we know has occurred?

MR. MUELLER: So — this is Mueller — the sample that was taken and then what we detected, we were 100 nautical miles away and it’s — in our terms it’s — compared to just normal background it’s about 30 times what you would detect just on a normal air sample out at sea.

And so we thought — we thought based on what we had heard on the reactors that we wouldn’t detect that level even at 25 miles. So it’s much greater than what we had thought. We didn’t think we would detect anything at 100 miles.

MR.. PONEMAN: You didn’t think you’d detect anything at 100 miles. Okay, and then in terms of the regulations and so forth of people operating in these kinds of areas, I forget there’s some you know, acronym for it, PAG or something, how do the levels detected compare with what is permissible?

MR. MUELLER: If it were a member of the general public, it would take — well, it would take about 10 hours to reach a limit, a PAG limit.

MR. PONEMAN: Right.

MR. MUELLER: For a member of the general public.

MR. PONEMAN: Right. You mean, at the level you detected?

MR. MUELLER: Yes sir.

MR. PONEMAN: But 10 hours, okay.

MR. MUELLER: Yes sir, and it would be a thyroid dose issue.

MR. PONEMAN: It’s a thyroid dose issue.

Okay, but the net of all this is that the amount of release that is detected by these two episodes or whatever you would call them, is significantly higher than anything you would have expected from what you have been reading from all sources?

MR. MUELLER: Yes sir. The number — the specific number we detected was 2.5 times 10 to the minus nine microcuries per milliliter, airborne, and that’s particulate airborne. It is — we did not take radioiodine samples so I don’t know that value, but this is particulate airborne.

 

MR. MUELLER: We have automatic detectors in the plant that picked up — picked up the airborne, and all of our continuous monitors alarmed at the same level, at this value. And then we took portable air samples on the flight desk and got the same value.

ADMIRAL DONALD: These are normally running continuous detectors, continuous monitors that run in the engine room all the time, monitoring our equipment.

MR. PONEMAN: These are detectors on the Reagan?

ADMIRAL DONALD: On the Ronald Reagan, that’s correct.

MR. MUELLER: Yes sir.

MR. PONEMAN: On the Ronald Reagan. They are there because you have got equipment there that,.byou know, it could emit stuff and while you were there, you picked up stuff that was ambient which indicated that you actually were in the plume?

MR. MUELLER: That’s correct.

MR. PONEMAN: And this was — this was 30 times higher than what you would have expected?

MR. MUELLER: Yes sir.

 

MR. PONEMAN: Okay and the one with the shoes and — tell me about that again.

MR. MUELLER: The shoes were from helicopter crews that flew to a Japanese flag ship that is 50 miles closer to the power plant at sea, so it’s about — it’s about half way so it’s 50 miles from land as well, and it was near the center line of the plume.

And when they flew back to Ronald Reagan, the contamination was found on the shoes of the people that had gotten off and back onto the helo from the Japanese ship.

MR. MUELLER: Oh, this is — we use — we have — we would expect nothing and got — it’s about five times our minimum detectable for frisking.

MR. PONEMAN: And what is that measured in?

MR. MUELLER: That’s in — it’s — so it’s about — it’s 10,000 micro-microcuries per 100 square centimeters, or per frisk.

MR. PONEMAN: Does that measure out in something in terms of rems or millirems?

MR. MUELLER: No, that’s — because this is contamination level.

MR. PONEMAN: And 10,000 microcuries per

MR. MUELLER: square centimeters.

MR. MUELLER: Right, but this is 100 nautical miles away at 2500 counts per minute. So they don’t even correlate, the two numbers that you just said. It’s a different — it’s much worse if we are detecting 2500 counts per minute on people’s shoes 50 miles away.

MR. WEBER: Yes, but I don’t know where that other vessel was before it was 50 miles off the coast.

MR. MUELLER: That’s true, but with the airborne at — the airborne that we detected at 100 nautical miles, that’s far and above what we would expect.

 

USS Ronald Reagan measured 0.6 mR/hr direct gamma shine from clouds 130 miles from Fukushima Daiichi

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

JAPAN’S FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI ET AUDIO FILE

Sunday, March 13, 2011

 

 

MR. TRAUTMAN: Okay good. I know they gave you some data points that we got from Ronald Reagan.

MR. VIRGILIO: Yes.

MR. TRAUTMAN: We got an additional one.

MR. VIRGILIO: Okay.

MR. TRAUTMAN: The ship was out, we thought they were getting further away from port and they went up to 130 miles or from the plant, and we were still reading a direct gamma shine of 0.6 millirem per hour

MR. TRAUTMAN: Was at 130 nautical miles.

MR. VIRGILIO: And the time?

MR. TRAUTMAN: I don’t have that. I’ll have to get you the time and I’m also I have got another data point as well.

 

MR. VIRGILIO: Okay, and that was 0.6 millirem per hour?

MR. TRAUTMAN: Correct, from beta gamma shine that was actually pointing at the sky.

MS. BROCK: Wait, that was the one that was at 130 miles?

MR. TRAUTMAN: Yes.

 

March 20th, 2011 – Navy Vice Admiral reports 150 millirem/hr Thyroid Dose in area south of Tokyo

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

JAPAN’S FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI ET AUDIO FILE

SUNDAY MARCH 20, 2011

 

 

JOHN MONNINGER: The — are you ready?

They took some samples, and the sample is in microcuries per milliliter, and they say that’s the equivalent of 150 millirem per hour.

MARTY VIRGILIO: Okay, so it’s an air sample and they converted into (inaudible) hour.

JOHN MONNINGER: Yeah.

MARTY VIRGILIO: Okay. All right.

JIM WIGGINS: And where did you say they caught these samples?

JOHN MONNINGER: It’s either –

MALE PARTICIPANT: Yokohama?

JOHN MONNINGER: — pronouncing it correctly — Yokashawa or Yokohama.

JIM WIGGINS: Well, there’s Yakota Air Force Base and there’s Yokuska Submarine Base.

MARTY VIRGILIO: Go ahead.

KATHY: And they took a sample. The sample point they gave us, the latitude and longitude, is an area south of Tokyo.

JOHN MONNINGER: So thyroid dose, okay.

KATHY: Yeah. And they asked us if we can back-calculate a dose in Tokyo. We wanted to try to do that. RASCAL won’t do it. It will be have to be hand-calculated. But then we got a (inaudible) from Bill Cook. Is he with you, John?

 
About author
Our FOIA archives feature collected and sorted FOIA documents, and are sub-categorized by event, topic, importance, and type.Email chains are extracted and published according to date.Press releases are archived by date of publication.Presentation materials and pdfs are summarized and displayed in whole.Each post is titled with the date of transmission of that particular FOIA combined with the subject of the message.
Read More About , , , , , ,
2 total comments on this postSubmit yours
  1. joybusey@gmail.com'

    Thanks for putting these together, Lucas. Makes it easier to follow than snippets of conversations. But… wow. These guys on the receiving end don’t seem to understand much, do they?

  2. unspokenhermit@gmail.com'

    Japanese PM said no individual should be blamed for the nuclear meltdown. I don’t understand the reason behind this statement of the PM. If any particular is responsible for the meltdown they why should s/he not be blamed and penalized? Since the inception if the disaster I am keeping my eye on it and recently discovered the following dispersion model, which someone had linked to Berkeley’s discussion page. It uses TEPCO emission data to model possible dispersion patterns for Neptunium and Plutonium

    http://www.datapoke.org/blog/89/study-modeling-fukushima-npp-p-239-and-np-239-atmospheric-dispersion/

    http://datapoke.org/partmom/a=114

    If this model is accurate, it is very disturbing. Where are all of the so-called experts who claimed these elements were too heavy to travel far from the plant site?

Submit your comment

Please enter your name

Your name is required

Please enter a valid email address

An email address is required

Please enter your message

*

Enformable © 2014 All Rights Reserved

More in FOIA, NRC, Top Docs - FOIA
casto2
NRC Transcripts – Once Fukushima Daiichi went into station blackout containment would be lost – Outer reaches of plume distance would be unknown

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION JAPAN'S FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI ET AUDIO FILE WEDNESDAY - MARCH 16, 2011 MALE PARTICIPANT: You know, Pete Lyons in DOE has been just itching to find a...

Close